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HPC @ Uni.lu

High Performance Computing in Luxembourg

FAQ: How to Permit a Bi-directional Transparent Connection From One Cluster to the Other ?

You shall have a key pair configured in your account to permit a bi-directional transparent connection from one cluster to the other (you can check that in your ~/.ssh/authorized_keys and by successfully running:

	(access-gaia)$> ssh chaos-cluster

or

	(access-chaos)$> ssh gaia-cluster

If that’s the case, you can ignore the rest of this section. Otherwise, you will now have to configure a passphrase-free SSH key pair to permit a transparent connection from one cluster to another.

  • Connect to the chaos cluster:

      (laptop)$> ssh chaos-cluster
    
  • generate a new SSH key pair with ssh-keygen (leave the passphrase empty):

      (access-chaos)$> ssh-keygen -t rsa
      Generating public/private rsa key pair.
      Enter file in which to save the key (/home/users/cparisot/.ssh/id_rsa): /home/users/cparisot/.ssh/id_rsa2
      Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
      Enter same passphrase again:
      Your identification has been saved in /home/users/cparisot/.ssh/id_rsa2.
      Your public key has been saved in /home/users/cparisot/.ssh/id_rsa2.pub.
      The key fingerprint is:
      79:87:7f:8c:27:a9:a7:bd:d1:9f:85:d5:0b:e5:f4:be cparisot@access.gaia-cluster.uni.lux
      The key's randomart image is:
      +--[ RSA 2048]----+
      |                 |
      |                 |
      |               o |
      |         . .  + o|
      |        S o .. .+|
      |         . o =.+.|
      |            * *.o|
      |           o.= .+|
      |          ooo. E.|
      +-----------------+
    
  • authorize the newly generated public key to be used during challenge/response authentication:

      (access-chaos)$> cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
      ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1[...]2E1R yourlogin@access.gaia-cluster.uni.lux
      (access-chaos)$> cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub  >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
    
    • you can check that it works by connecting to localhost:

      ```
      (access-chaos)$> ssh -p 8022 localhost
      [...]
      (access-chaos)$> exit   # or CTRL-D
      ```
      
  • add an alias to facilitate the connection to each cluster by adding the following SSH configuration entry in the file ~/.ssh/config:

      Host gaia-cluster chaos-cluster
      		User yourlogin
      		Port 8022
    
      Host gaia-cluster
      		Hostname access-gaia.uni.lu
      Host chaos-cluster
      		Hostname access-chaos.uni.lu
    

You’ll have to setup the same key package on the gaia cluster such that you can then work indefferently on one or another cluster. It’s also the occasion to learn how to add a new SSH key to your authorized key portfolio.

  • Open another terminal and connect to the gaia cluster

      (laptop)$> ssh gaia-cluster
    
  • edit the file ~/.ssh/authorized_keys to add your previously generated key on chaos (use :wq in vim to save and quit):

      (access-gaia)$> vim ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
    
  • go back to the terminal where you’re connected on chaos, you shall now be able to connect to gaia, and reversely:

      (access-chaos)$> ssh gaia
      [...]
      (access-gaia)$> exit     # or CRTL-D
    

You have a different home directory on each UL HPC site, so you will usually use Rsync or scp to move data around (see transferring files tutorials).

Now that we are able to connect from chaos to gaia, we will transfer the SSH keys and configuration in place from chaos and check that we can connnect back:

	(access-chaos)$> scp ~/.ssh/id_dsa* gaia:.ssh/
	(access-chaos)$> scp ~/.ssh/config  gaia:.ssh/
	(access-chaos)$> ssh gaia
	[...]
	(access-gaia)$>  ssh chaos
	(access-chaos)$> exit     # or CRTL-D
	(access-gaia)$>  exit     # or CRTL-D

So now we have setup a bi-directional transparent connection from one cluster to the other.